Alexander Young (A.Y.) Jackson

"Seldom was there found a subject all composed and waiting to be painted; out of a confusion of motives the vital one had to be determined upon. Sketching here demanded a quick decision in composition, an ignoring or summarizing of much of the detail, a searching-out of significant form, and a colour analysis that must never err on the side of timidity. One must know the North country intimately to appreciate the great variety of its forms. The impression of monotony that one receives from a train is soon dissipated when one gets into the bush. To fall into a formula for interpreting it is hardly possible. From sunlight in the hardwoods with bleached violet-white tree trunks against a blaze of red and orange, we wander into the denser spruce and pine woods, where the sunlight filters through - gold and silver splashes - playing with startling vividness on a birch trunk or a patch of green moss."

Born in Montreal in 1882, A.Y. Jackson left school at the age of twelve and began work at a Montreal printing firm. In 1906, he undertook art studies at the Art Institute in Chicago. The following year he enrolled at the Academie Julian in Paris and remained in France until 1912. During this period, his painting was strongly influenced by the Impressionists. After his return to Canada, Jackson took up residence in Montreal and made many sketching trips to the surrounding countryside. Harris and MacDonald were impressed by Jackson's work and, in 1913, persuaded him to move to Toronto. A.Y. Jackson was a Canadian War Artist, a founding member of the Group of Seven and the founding President of the Beaver Hall Group as well as help form the Canadian Groupd of Painters.

Jackson's great sense of adventure carried him from the east coast across Canada to the Rocky Mountains of the west. Every spring, he made regular sketching trips to Quebec and travelled to the far regions of Canada during the summer, including the Canadian Arctic. In the fall, he returned to the Studio Building in Toronto where he lived until 1955, spending the winters painting canvases. He continued this active lifestyle until he was in his eighties.

Available artwork: 
Winter Afternoon by Alexander Young (A.Y.) Jackson
Winter Afternoon
Oil on Panel, 8.5 x 10.5
Loch Gallery, Toronto
Alexander Young (A.Y.) Jackson
Artist origin: 
Canadian
Artist type: 
Historical works of significance
Born: 
1882
Died: 
1974

 

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